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Generally speaking, no one likes getting shots. Getting shot can be even more difficult if you are a parent and your baby needs a shot. You and your child might not like the shots, however, vaccine shots are very necessary for the baby. The baby is venerable and is at the risk of various diseases, these vaccines provide immunity against these diseases.
Vaccines are basically two types:

  1. Invectives
  2. Oral suspensions

The injective vaccines include BCG, DPT, JE etc. and the OPV and IPV are oral suspensions.

What Are the Necessary Vaccines For Your Baby

BCG

Prevention: Tuberculosis

Age: Right after the birth

Frequency: Once

DPT

Prevention: Diphtheria, Whooping Cough, Tetanus

Age: 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks

Frequency: Three times

Hepatitis B, Hib

Prevention: Hepatitis B, Bacterial Meningitis

Age: 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks

Frequency: Three times

Polio OPV

Prevention: Paralysis due to polio

Age: 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks

Frequency: three times

Polio IPV

Prevention: Paralysis due to polio

Age: 14 weeks

Frequency: Once

Pneumococcal PCV

Prevention: Pneumonia, meningitis

Age: 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 36 weeks

Frequency: three times

Japanese Encephalitis

Prevention: Japanese Encephalitis

Age: Between 12 months and 23 months

Frequency: Once

Measles, Rubella

Prevention: Measles, Rubella

Age: 9 months, 15 months

Frequency: Twice

How To Care Your Child After Vaccinations

From the moment your baby is born and until he is two years old, your baby needs to go through vaccinations. Some vaccines do not react, some vaccines have a mild reaction and some vaccines show strong reactions. Vaccines like BCG and Polio do not react. However, DPT has mild to a strong reaction.  Pneumococcal and Japanese Encephalitis have a mild reaction. Some of the common vaccine reactions are the pain, swelling, rashes, trouble sleeping, fever, loss of appetite etc.

In most cases, vaccine reactions are perfectly normal. It might be painful to see your child crying after the vaccination, however, the reactions will be gone in a day or two. Try to make your baby comfortable and well rested.

BCG shot is given on baby’s arm. There will be a slight swelling and rashes in the area, however, everything will disappear in few days.

When your baby gets DPT shot for the first time, it might be very painful. DPT shot is given on legs. The injected area will swell; there will be burning sensation, and also fever.

Try to ease the pain in the legs by fanning your baby. You can also use ice packs for pain relief. If there is fever, you can administer paracetamol or ibuprofen. These medicines will not only reduce fever but also ease the pain. You should never give aspirin because aspirin increases the risk of Reye’s Syndrome.

The injected areas might develop rashes following the vaccination, especially with the chickenpox, measles, mumps, and rubella. The rashes might last for days but will disappear without any treatment.

After the vaccination, it is very common for the baby to become restless. The baby may also refuse to eat or sleep. Try to soothe your baby by patting him, hold on your arm and move around, put him in your lap and rock, place him in the cradle and rock the cradle, sing to him. Try to make the baby as much comfortable as you can. Try to make him feel relaxed. Make sure the room temperature is comfortable for the baby. Too much warm can make him fretful. Feed him plenty of liquid, mostly breast milk.

On the day when your baby gets the shot, he might cry all through the night and make you awake. However, this is just temporary and everything will be back to normal in a day or two.